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To conduct a situational assessment on deaf children and the communities they live in, within the state of Jharkhand
Purpose and scope of this study
- To conduct a situation analysis on deaf children in the state of Jharkhand aimed at understanding the existing number of deaf children, especially in the districts that VAANI will be active in.
- To identify best practices and gaps in the sector of working with deaf children and the communities they live in
- To gather information in the form of a desk based review, of all available data on deaf children within the State
- To identify NGOs / development agencies working with deaf children within the State who could partner with VAANI to take the work forward
At another level, VAANI would like to use the findings from this document as the baseline against which we could measure the impact of our work over the following years.
VAANI has already done some work in getting basic general information about the situation of deafness in India and within the state of Jharkhand. We have seen that there is limited amount of consolidated data available and this is seen as a huge gap, especially when planning and delivering services. Most of the general data collated covers the NGOs and government institutions in terms of the services they provide and also addresses key questions like what role should VAANI play in the country. What it does not cover is an in-depth perspective from the community level. Whether it is related to deaf children or their families, our data does not include information from other sources like the census, information about the existing networks and what roles they play, other studies that might have been done before. Hence we are looking at adding to our knowledge and getting more in depth information for Jharkhand.
Beneficiaries: Parents of deaf children
- To understand their needs and expectations
- To understand their levels of knowledge on deafness.
- To know what services they are accessing within districts
NGOs / Development agencies:
- Organisations and network partners whose values and vision are similar to VAANI
- Existing programmes focussing on deaf children and families within larger disability programmes or programmes on inclusive education.
- Sustainability mechanisms in the form of parent group association at the village, district and state level and their role in promoting rights and entitlements to deaf children
- Organisations’ vision and strategy in active involvement of guardians and parent leaders in planning and decision making
Key community stakeholders
Understanding, knowledge and perception on deafness
Identification of stakeholders and their roles in mainstreaming deaf children within larger community
Government Service providers
- Validating the data/ mapped information collated by the state on proportion of deaf children
- Reviewing the national and state policies and programmes in relation to disability and more specifically deafness within the SSA, Social welfare, NRHM, Health programmes, Rural Development, Legal aid/ State disability commission
¨ A compilation of major relevant policies/ legislations related to deaf children.
¨ Useful documentation relating to deaf children’s protection issues and a compilation of other organizations working in the field.
¨ Existing material and data (reports/ documents/ research) on deaf children
¨ Field study to be conducted in 3 districts of Jharkhand (1 urban/ 1 rural/ 1 semi urban)
¨ Focus group discussions with deaf children / young adults. Some of the other methods would include observation, interviews, role-plays, mapping and drawing. Focus group discussions : Children and young adults (total Population of 50 each) seen in 4 or 6 smaller separate groups
¨ Group discussions with parents, siblings of deaf children/ community leaders/other key stakeholders including school teachers. These would be supported by observation and general discussions with the community. (Sample size – 50 adult stakeholders in each district) with study maintaining distinction between the goups, for e.g. (i) parents –10, (ii) siblings –10, (iii) school teachers – 10, (iv) community leaders and other key stake holders –10 in each district.
¨ Meetings/ consultations with key government functionaries from the departments of Education, Social welfare, Health and Rural Development.
¨ Visits to NGO centers to understand community based interventions and interventions designed for deaf children
¨ Validation exercise in atleast 10% of total number of districts ( 3 out of 26 districts)to. A tool for validating size of deaf children will need to be developed, based on various parameters i.e district mapping figure, NGO partners records, on ground count of children, estimated number as per stakeholders / key community informants. This would essentially help in projecting a more approximate beneficiary number/ size and generate a name list of children and families within the district, whom VAANI could include within its future implementation plans. The data would be extrapolated to the remaining districts, to help arrive at an overall estimate of deaf children within the state.
Timelines and deliverables to be met by consultant:
- MOU to be signed with VAANI by 21 January 2012
- Field Plan and tools to be shared with VAANI by the 25th of January 2012
- Filed visit to be conducted in February 2012
- Initial draft of report to be compiled and shared with VAANI within the first week of March 2011 and the final report to be submitted by the 30 March 2012.
- The consultant will need to attend a workshop launch in April to support VAANI in sharing this study with beneficiaries, professionals and policy makers